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Debt Management

Primary dealers

Created : 18.07.2017. Updated: 25.03.2020.

A primary dealer system is a form of partnership between the issuer and financial institutions, the purpose of which is the implementation of a single strategy for strengthening and developing the functionality of the primary placement and secondary trading of securities.

Primary dealers act as intermediaries and experts on government debt securities markets, and undertake dialogue with investors by purchasing securities during primary placement and maintaining market maker obligations in secondary market.

Primary dealer system in Latvia has been launched on 11 February, 2013.

The objective of introducing this system is to stimulate activity and development of the government debt securities market – new borrowing instruments, broadening of investor base, more active, liquid and attractive securities market for investors, as well as to reduce risks associated with servicing government debt.


Two-way quotes in the secondary market shall be provided for the following government securities and at any time subject to the primary dealer having the relevant paper on the trading book:

  1. for series of bonds with the nominal amount outstanding of at least EUR 50 (fifty) million and more than 3 (three) calendar months remaining until.
  2. for series of bills with the nominal amount outstanding of at least EUR 20 (twenty) million and more than 3 (three) calendar months remaining until maturity;

Actual benchmark securities:

ISIN CODE Date of Maturity Type of Security Amount outstanding at nominal values, EUR

LV 00005 80041


10 year T-bonds

87 075 486,19

LV 00005 70141


5 year T-bonds

156 180 000,00

LV 00005 50101 20.Mar.2022. 2 yer T-bonds 79 000 000,00

LV 00005 80058


10 year T-bonds

64 541 465,30

LV 00005 70158 12.May.2023 5 year T-bonds 270 000 000,00
LV 00005 70166 02.Nov.2023 5 year T-bonds 250  000 000,00
LV 00005 70174 31.Jan.2025 5 year T-bonds 252 001 000,00


Two-way quotes provided by primary dealers are available in:

  1. Bloomberg (LATVGB un LATVTB)
  2. NASDAQ Riga electronic trading system Genium INET.

Main obligations of primary dealers:

  1. to act as intermediaries between the issuer and the investor by way of distributing the securities purchased and facilitating the broadening of the investor base;
  2.  to ensure the liquidity of the government debt securities market by promoting secondary trading and the effective pricing of securities;

Main rights of primary dealers:

  1. to participate in the primary placement of government domestic debt securities and other government domestic borrowing transactions;
  2. to receive the status of a primary dealer of government securities.

The Treasury concludes an Agreement with each primary dealer on participation in organizing the government domestic debt securities primary and secondary market.

The Agreement with primary dealers is standardised and the form is available here:

- Agreement;

- Annexes.

The size of the primary dealer group in Latvia has been assessed based on the number of market participants at government debt securities auctions, as well as their activity in terms of bidding and security purchases, and from the point of view of attracting potential investors from Latvian and international financial and capital markets.

Current primary dealer group is as follows:

  1. Citadele banka (with regards to primary and secondary market issues);
  2. Luminor Bank AS (with regards to primary and secondary market issues);
  3. SEB bankas (with regards to primary and secondary market issues);
  4. Swedbank (with regards to primary and secondary market issues).


Any other market participants will also be able to claim the status of a primary dealer by qualifying certain criteria and submitting an application to the Treasury.

The Treasury will regularly assess the activities of each primary dealer and those of other market participants by applying the following criteria:

  • Eligibility criteria: the candidate is a credit institution and a member of the NASDAQ OMX Riga exchange, and must meet the requirements of laws and other regulatory enactments;
  • Quality criteria: assessment of the bank’s performance in the government domestic debt securities market to date, and its activity and participation in financial transactions with the Treasury both in terms of government debt and asset management, and other aspects. Current primary dealers will also be evaluated by the Treasury in accordance with the Primary dealers Agreement in place.